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The castle has three courtyards and it has always been the seat of Czech rulers as well as the official residence. Allow at least half a day (it does not include time for museum visits) if you want to examine it in depth.
The Prague Castle complex consists of Saint Vitus Cathedral (the most recognizable landmark in the city), viewing towers, museums and art galleries, a monastery, Golden Lane, several palaces, including Lobkowicz Palace, and St. George's Basilica; the latter being a popular venue for early evening classical concerts.
It was completed in 1400 and it connects the Lesser Town with the Old Town.
There are marvelous views of the Vltava River Valley, the Žofín, Střelecký Island, the Old Town and the Lesser Town.
People come here to pray for help, healing, or peace; some come in trust expecting the birth of a child; and many return to give thanks. The sweet face of the Child Jesus attracts visitors through its beauty.
The right hand of the child is raised in blessing, while his left hand holds a sphere surmounted by a cross – the whole of our universe rests in his hands.
His royal insignia express the faith that all Christians have in common – the faith in the divinity of Jesus.
The statues, frescoes and paintings inside the church are by leading artists of the day, such as Karel Škréta and Johann Kracker.
It is so large that 23 houses, three gardens and the municipal brick kiln had to be razed to make way for the palace and its grounds. There are also splendid gardens laid out as they were in those days.
Now it houses the Senate of the Czech Republic.
Statues and vases are by Mathias Brown. There is a beautiful view of Prague Castle and the Lesser Town.